EpisiotomyThis page contains recent news articles, when available, and an overview of Episiotomy but does not offer medical advice. You should contact your physician with regard to any health issues or concerns.
Background information on Episiotomy [When available]
An episiotomy /??pi?zi?'??t?mi?/ is a surgical incision through the perineum made to enlarge the vagina and assist delivering the baby. The incision can be midline or at an angle from the posterior end of the vulva, is performed under local anaesthetic and is sutured closed after delivery. It is one of the most common medical procedures performed on women.
Physicians use episiotomies to lessen perineal trauma, minimize postpartum pelvic floor dysfunction by reducing anal sphincter muscle damage, reduce the loss of blood at delivery, and protect against neonatal trauma.
Episiotomies may be indicated if:
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